Guidelines

I recently read that HIPAA regulations require organizations to follow NIST guidelines and standards. Is this true?...

How does HIPAA incorporate NIST guidelines? Should healthcare organizations follow the NIST regardless?

Although HIPAA does not directly require that covered entities follow NIST guidelines and standards, it references many of them as strong practices. NIST guidelines provide technical information and advice to organizations trying to meet common security objectives that overlap with those of HIPAA. NIST publications can therefore be valuable resources for organizations that must comply with HIPAA, helping them better understand their HIPAA obligations and how to meet them.

In particular, NIST offers its Special Publication 800-66, a document of over 50 pages entitled "An Introductory Resource Guide for Implementing the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Security Rule." Describing each HIPAA requirement in turn, this guide provides details on the administrative and technical safeguards that a HIPAA covered entity can put in place for compliance.

As NIST indicates, SP 800-66 was prepared for use by government agencies, and may be used by nongovernment agencies on a voluntary basis. The document contains a disclaimer stating that it is intended for federal organizations, and that it is not intended to be, nor should it be, construed or relied on as legal advice for any other organization or person. In other words, HIPAA is the still the law. The NIST publication is a helpful guide, but is one interpretation of the law, not the law itself. Consequently, it cannot be used as legal validation of a position or actions undertaken to comply with HIPAA.

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This was last published in November 2016

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SearchSecurity: Security Wire Daily News

The Obama Administration has issued a new Federal Automated Vehicles Policy to help facilitate the responsible introduction of self-driving cars.

self-driving cars

The policy sets a proactive approach to providing safety assurance and facilitating innovation through four key parts.

Vehicle performance guidance uses a 15-point Safety Assessment to set clear expectations for manufacturers developing and deploying automated vehicle technologies.

Model state policy delineates the Federal and State roles for the regulation of highly automated vehicle technologies as part of an effort to build a consistent national framework of laws to govern self-driving vehicles.

Finally, the policy outlines options for the further use of current federal authorities to expedite the safe introduction of highly automated vehicles into the marketplace, as well as discusses new regulatory tools and statutory authorities the federal government may need as the technology evolves and is deployed more widely.

The public is welcome to comment on the new policy, and the Department of Transportation intends to update it annually.

“This policy is an unprecedented step by the federal government to harness the benefits of transformative technology by providing a framework for how to do it safely,” commented Anthony Foxx, US Transportation Secretary.

The primary focus of the policy is on highly automated vehicles, or those in which the vehicle can take full control of the driving task in at least some circumstances. Portions of the policy also apply to lower levels of automation, including some of the driver-assistance systems already being deployed by automakers today.

Simultaneously with this policy, NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Society of Automotive Engineers) is releasing a final enforcement guidance bulletin clarifying how its recall authority will apply to automated vehicle technologies. In particular, it emphasizes that semi-autonomous driving systems that fail to adequately account for the possibility that a distracted or inattentive driver-occupant might fail to retake control of the vehicle in a safety-critical situation may be defined as an unreasonable risk to safety and subject to recall.

David Barzilai, Karamba Security chairman and co-founder, believes that the DOT guidelines for self-driving cars are timely.

“Navigant Research projects that by 2020, 25% of shipped cars will support different levels of autonomy, growing to 44% of all shipped cars in 2025. These levels, established by the NHTSA and SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers), range from braking and acceleration to auto sensing cars and changing lanes to complete autonomy with the car controlling all safety-critical functions through the entire trip,” he noted.

“The DOT guidelines indicate the need for cybersecurity best practices and call upon industry technology companies and the car manufacturers to share knowledge and create them. DOT expects such best practices to be embedded in the designs of the autonomous cars,” he says.

“The leading car companies and Tier-1 providers have already started to create internal methods for hardening cars against hackers. Yet, they have been experiencing a gap between common enterprise cybersecurity methodologies that protect against data loss and in-car security that protects against fatalities and damages. Both NHTSA and the industry are seeking solutions that will enable the prevention of attacks, not just detection, without risking lives due to false alarms, problems that can lead to legitimate car commands failing to execute, such as airbag deployment.”

“It is not a simple task, but it is absolutely critical, as preventing the attack is even more important than detecting the attack,” he added. “The industry must stop hackers before they ever succeed to penetrate into cars due to the sheer scale of fatalities and property damage that could result from cyberattacks on cars.”


Help Net Security

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<¸¿ª¢¯¿ dÒˆK\Eå scÍãÌø6:̘Ê6vp“v¦Ã‡GG¡+z{Ÿpû{¥–ãJ®]Wˆ *9ãSŠ¼a5#~2û¢ŸÉU¿ËnwkEÛ)T Nà7Ÿrúôé¶6Ö㈤(ñP&!ÊÁSÅw•Š‰OœÏßȲÞË·8„{Jø¬²£ '\Ž£;8ÓÑDÄǬö=áþ!eLŽ¯ËΨfFüüJ‹ñþËïy~¹=ÂFôbÄÆ'"1ñ)==}ˆs-­pÁnülüp#ÄŒŒ,}ðTðqÝB‰O-¼RxíÖŠÚjÆÎßȈÀGìdp4ãcãÌ*vH5ö/½dŠ²§§¿qÏG,]Êßæ5ˆT¹3òˆjø„¢6œúúšBý‰ûËʿ÷ªÆ¦–¦æ[email protected]'P±¬¼Â€ïJ->%ñ)¢gcÅíHõ  àé âÌoqÜ&ÊvV÷‘òÔãSKªV²"8«ë vÚyhVj¶iâÍò¦§¦5ûúžÄîSjáŒoßÅ"*j‘M ruºøJÔ‰¢Øwزîg4B¥š¾ŽXʺݏ«­k¨«oD¤œm#ÄаÑhÆZ]¨l_FÊSÉŠ÷½ªâ“zïÜ‚føT¹b…‘"·Ã‡›ë¯œŸÐÕ××_XXˆ ö•´"û“žÿÛ÷iœQŽ¨zˆBØP‰ÁŠýËþ•H+î{¼L!î ¡!‹ªÐKáÚÍÍ-5µõ€ J ¡2ÄŠÊ*ñ=Y›çý—+eû£¼p ´4«««KKKQ ˆñ¾ Ä÷­AdÂF)1Pìã‡?¦ªžE†»‡·)D1Œ?/¿p¡$ ç±²ªºê@ ¢ìêîÑA¬®©ñ󲥿’ÒW/HîÏ)e;Sà$ ]´ø[email protected]|ÂõLØ8…ÑáÙÌBSEYVV¶ÿþŽŽS‚ˆ-RÒ¢" ¥Nä-6BÕP,}àŠë¿[ÄR1PJ†ˆX*n¨™šš:7$ „t©¨<ˆM͝]ÝÔš-CtÚ±S–`ñóÁ«ôéïß [email protected]ÈQîøpN::;mà3u=…mjG¸ÙD‰ü[^^ˆMMMÖ ˆ[¬AdêT­_¾E‘¦"!bé¶íÎòl¢¸+ª¸¤ôì݈äN7÷`ÔoÍ–!æäækô§!~*ê‰~Åm¬~ëÖŠŇsÒÙÙi ܼ­½S±ÅÚë:{kjj©¬¨Äææf bÿ€Q §¼Ä`u"µØ0Us‹šo`Jà%–ʺg„ˆXJ÷'ú¥ª°iY ¢Ž­Ù2ÄÏÖ®·4¿þ¤òÇÏï='ÒßmL³!ý1Æر¢UU¢m‚:OÔQm±áª†%Dc,½ÿrÑÚæà¸]7ï A„IJòŠ³qC8 ®>k 6·°¶PÄ”Ôt1ÎS¦?Y¿ƒ6~jÒŸ„ïC†ïÇŸ<ÐÙÙ%)OCð”#§.l9:yT¶©#dSS_šdf9¤¥¹åÀj‚8+Á¯ŒÂæ=QìKªÆKÕâºôák/XråO¼NHxœ"|“n÷FÝqòäü;ñ¿øâÀ*)-DȨPjЖ[email protected]¡?¥ø)ÒÔáŸãûˆá»t5'¨-¬á“sÜ¬àŽªfJ“Ž­©©…J#ˆ8cöBP!¾/ Ê Q©-º”j¸¤ÝO[·g DqÏ>NõWóª Ù˜'àzÅ%û±¶*¦U1#3[€úS-´éð-úñÇ÷ߥkƒ ¦Ée6K-óY,½‰±‘%Í’«.Y|µÈ†tW”"jCš=#m_æ©S§æá†ø†ÃÃ#…E¥EÅ¥ˆ¢¨©KB†¸mûÈÌ-l|éOmü$ õ"ð]úéx´Q|ŠÆ1=>«ì,°¦¦MGG!«¢œkkëfffæ1Î÷ߌ±”t)~>IJÙpç.Wã\p JS  '>|x®-¥Ô[[ßPPXˆ4S"Ô© RÔ: "`HJñSJ—®¾Å—~¶¤‹Ôâ›°Ÿ`'HM6£šòŒåÀÀ@CCƒžØÓÓ348„¯sôèQÄ"{ J ‘ÅRE—šº!²áb– Emh:¡Ÿ˜Çæ@u 2Úœ‚øôôta1M©TRS[‚:ˆ~þ–PvÀ'ŒÈéOKü>‹^úÙƒŒ Yüäø&'fç73›)(q`gª‰


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Assaf Regev

Assaf Regev serves as the product marketing manager for the web fraud portfolio of Trusteer, an IBM Company, part of IBM’s Security Systems division. Assaf holds a BS.c in...

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According to data from IDC, the worldwide smartphone market is in excess of 2 billion units. By 2017, the smartphone market share will reach 70.5 percent, up more than 10 percent compared to 2013.

In addition to IDC’s findings, the recent “Consumers and Mobile Financial Services 2016” report stated that 43 percent of mobile phone owners perform online banking via a mobile device, up from 39 percent last year. Additionally, 53 percent of smartphone owners use mobile banking.

A Stake in the Ground

It’s evident that consumers expect to interact with services such as e-commerce, gaming and online banking through their mobile devices. As a result, organizations offering new services must keep up with the ever-growing mobile landscape and any associated regulatory guidelines.

The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) recently issued guidance that focused on risks associated with mobile financial services (MFS). The publication also emphasized an enterprisewide risk management approach for more effective risk mitigation.

The agency put a stake in the ground, issuing a new set of security guidelines for mobile banking in late April 2016. This was an important update to the organization’s previously released handbooks. With these new guidelines, the FFIEC set the foundation for 24/7 online banking services of all types, including a set of detailed, actionable directives.

Read the white paper to learn to how to protect Mobile Financial Services

Protecting Mobile Financial Services

More generally, financial institutions looking into protecting existing and new MFS should consider the following:

  • The main channels for mobile banking, such as SMS messaging, mobile-enabled websites, mobile applications and wireless payments;
  • The risks and potential implications on the various aspects of the offered service, including strategic, operational, compliance and reputational risks;
  • The means of identifying, measuring, assessing and mitigating the risks across all applicable categories, which includes the likelihood and impact of such risks and their potential effect on the service and the organization; and
  • The processes and systems in place to help validate and report whether the offered product or service meets operational expectations.

Financial institutions looking to address the above issues must make sure these objectives can be aligned with their short- and long-term strategic plans. To help address security concerns related to mobile financial services, financial institutions can embed the IBM Security Trusteer Mobile SDK in proprietary mobile banking applications via a dedicated security library for Apple iOS and Google Android platforms.

For more information, download the white paper to see how IBM solutions can help protect mobile financial services and provide effective and sustainable fraud prevention.

Topics: Banking, Mobile, Mobile Banking, Mobile Devices, Mobile Security, Risk Management


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