approach

EU countries must not be too restrictive in how they apply EU data protection laws or risk damaging the development of big data projects, German chancellor Angela Merkel has said.

Germany has traditionally been cautious over data collection, but if countries are too restrictive then "big data management will not be possible", Merkel told the 10th IT Summit (link to video in German) in Saarbrücken.

Europeans are famous for banning things, Merkel said. These bans are put in place for good reason, she said, but can be damaging if taken to excess.

"In Germany we have the principle of 'data minimisation', but we may have to give a little on that. Such a principle doesn't seem as appropriate when you are looking at big data," she said.

While it is important to protect personal data, it is also important to enable new developments, she said.

"Courts will have to be careful not to be too strict if that means limiting opportunities", Merkel said.

Munich-based data protection expert Kirsten Wolgast of Pinsent Masons, the law firm behind Out-Law.com said Merkel's comments suggest a change of direction.

"Merkel obviously wants to create some space for big data business models, and make it a bit easier to establish. But we'll have to wait and see whether the data protection authorities or courts take her comments into account," Wolgast said.

Berlin data protection commissioner Maja Smoltczyk said this month that nine of the country's federal data protection authorities are to conduct a review of 500 businesses' data transfer arrangements.

The review will focus on arrangements the businesses have in place for transferring personal data outside of the European Economic Area (EEA).

Copyright © 2016, Out-Law.com

Out-Law.com is part of international law firm Pinsent Masons.

Sponsored: Customer Identity and Access Management


The Register - Security

Today IBM announced the newly formed IBM X-Force Incident Response and Intelligence Services (IRIS) team. This group of exceptionally talented and passionate consultants and analysts is focused on becoming our clients’ trusted security partner. X-Force IRIS experts collaborate with clients to provide solutions for the most challenging information security problems.

The Future of Threat Intelligence and Incident Response

IBM has made significant investments in cognitive technology — Watson — to solve the world’s most challenging problems, which is one of the reasons I joined the team earlier this year. Today, we leverage Watson in health care to enhance cancer research and diagnoses throughout the world, in the weather industry to predict the next big storm and in financial services to help manage regulatory compliance.

In the future, we will integrate Watson into security technologies to address threat intelligence and incident response challenges facing companies, their employees and their data. IBM will empower security professionals to make more informed, timely and accurate decisions to protect the most important intellectual property of today’s businesses.

A Transformational Security Journey

All the members of this formidable team feel fortunate to share a singular passion for keeping attackers away from our clients’ environments. Although simply stated, this mission is a complex, ever-changing solution to the most advanced security issues facing organizations throughout the world. Helping companies save time, money and reputation is valuable — allowing them to focus on their business rather than worry about the next security incident is ideal.

IBM X-Force IRIS represents a major milestone for IBM Security Services. This will be a transformational security journey with our clients. By most measures, today’s security threats, incidents and breaches are not entirely containable within the timeframes in which we need to prevent the attacker from causing damage. But for organizations with strategic implementation of incident response and intelligence capabilities, risks can be mitigated and negative impact contained to manageable and cost-effective levels.

X-Force IRIS: Another Step Forward

IBM has faced many challenges to stay relevant in its 110-plus years of operations. The introduction of IBM X-Force IRIS is just one more step forward.

To achieve the levels of computer threat intelligence necessary to proactively protect our clients’ most important assets and prevent attacks, we need to offer the next generation of technology. To this end, we are making significant investments in our people, services and solutions to enable all our clients can leverage industry-leading capabilities that detect, respond to and prevent attacks.

We look forward to sharing our collective expertise, opinions and unique experiences across security intelligence, incident response and remediation. To learn more about the team, I encourage you to download our solution brief and other assets. I am honored to be a part of this exciting group and look forward to providing our clients with a new breed of IBM Security.

Introducing IBM X-Force Incident Response and Intelligence Services


Security Intelligence

Apple's cautious foray into the wild and wooly world of bug bounties has proved there is more than one way to run a program. Organizations unsure about setting up a bug bounty program should take a look at Apple's model.

At the Black Hat conference in Las Vegas last week, Ivan Krstic, Apple's head of security engineering and architecture, announced the company will pay rewards of up to $ 200,000 for five classes of bugs in iOS and iCloud. Apple will pay $ 100,000 to researchers who can extract confidential data from the iOS Secure Enclave Processor, $ 50,000 to researchers who report code execution flaws that provide kernel privileges or unauthorized access to iCloud account information, and $ 25,000 to researchers with vulnerabilities that allow a sandboxed process to "break out" and gain access to user data outside the sandbox. The $ 200,000 maximum reward is reserved for vulnerabilities and proof-of-concept code in the company's secure boot firmware.

[ InfoWorld's Mobile Security Deep Dive. Download it today in your choice of PDF or ePub editions! | Keep up on key mobile developments and insights with the Mobile Tech Report newsletter. ]

"The Apple bounty program will reward researchers who share critical vulnerabilities with Apple and we will make it a top priority to resolve those and provide public recognition," Krstic said at the conference.

There is a key difference between what Krstic announced and how other programs -- such as those run by Google, Microsoft, and Facebook -- work. Apple's invitation-only program limits participation to specific researchers and would be considered a private bug bounty program.

The public programs tend to be free-for-alls, where anyone can submit a bug, leaving the companies to analyze the report to determine whether or not to pay the bounty. This can get overwhelming, especially at the beginning, since there has to be someone -- preferably a team -- dedicated to sifting through those reports to screen out low-quality reports and out-of-scope vulnerabilities. For example, if Facebook is interested in cross-scripting flaws, reporting an authentication-related vulnerability is not within the program guidelines and would require a different response.

That is a time commitment many organizations may not be able to make, and it can pose an operational challenge for organizations starting out with the vulnerability disclosure lifecycle. Excessively high submission volumes would slow down the response process and result in communications delays, which could easily sour the researcher-company relationship.

"Private bounty programs are a prudent stepping stone to launching a public program, allowing companies to 'proof of concept' test their bounty processes," said Kymberlee Price, senior director of operations at Bugcrowd, which runs crowdsourced bug bounty programs for other companies.

If Apple had started off with a public bounty program, it would likely be inundated in short order with a high volume of reports of varying quality. Starting off with an invite-only bounty program makes sense as it lets Apple limit the "noise" of lower-quality submissions that typically accompanies a fresh bug bounty program, as well as giving "hacker allies a head start in collecting these bounties," said Katie Moussouris, founder and CEO of penetration testing consultancy Luta Security.

Apple is initially inviting only the security researchers it knows have the right skills and would submit quality reports, and it is basing its selections on those who have found serious issues and reported them to Apple in the past. It's not a closed program: If someone discloses a vulnerability to Apple and the report is of sufficiently high enough quality, Apple can invite those new researchers to join the program. LinkedIn, Riot Games, and even Tor take this approach to manage their vulnerability disclosure programs and invitation-only bug bounty programs.

"Think of it like a CTF with a prequalification round before your team gets to play in the big competition, or qualifying for a marathon before you get to run," Moussouris said. "Anyone can go for it, but they must prove their skills to be invited into the league that collects bug bounties."

A private program lets organizations experiment with the kind of reward incentives they want to offer, as well as figure out what kind of reporting process they want to have in place. Bounty programs extend the "many eyeballs" concept that is well-known in open source software development, but focuses researcher energies on areas that are high-risk. Rewards are good incentives and channel natural human curiosity into the areas companies are most concerned about.

Apple could have launched its programs on platforms from HackerOne and Bugcrowd to help screen out issues that aren't vulnerabilities or out-of-scope reports. It could have also tapped into the researcher communities associated with those platforms. But being Apple, it's not like the company is hurting for access to qualified researchers.

At first glance, the private bug program sounds similar to the consulting engagements many companies have had in the past (Microsoft famously worked with security guru Dan Kaminsky to look for vulnerabilities in Windows Vista and Windows 7). Apple's program is not a consulting program because researchers will receive rewards per bug, and the amount vary by vulnerability severity. A consultant would typically be paid a rate to find bugs, regardless of the number or severity.

"Despite starting private, Apple has for the first time publicly acknowledged the value of a vulnerability reward program which commits them to its growth and maturation over time," Price said. "This is a big step for them."


InfoWorld Security

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